Abortion in Quebec

There are two types of abortion available in Quebec: an in-clinic abortion (also known as a surgical abortion) and the abortion pill (also known as a medication abortion). To learn more about each option, go here.

Both options are 100% covered by the provincial health care plan, making them free for residents of Quebec.

Each administrative region of the province has at least one point of service for in-clinic abortions. For most of these regions, there is at least one provider that offers both the in-clinic and the abortion pill options. 

Outside of Quebec, some doctors and nurse practicioners (who are not specifically abortion providers) also prescribe the abortion pill as part of their regular practice. Due to an additional training requirement in Quebec, the abortion pill is not usually available from a family doctor or nurse practitioner.  

To search for an abortion provider in your area based on which abortion option you prefer, visit choiceconnect.ca 

Abortion services are available in Quebec – including during COVID-19

In Quebec, abortions are available at:

  • Some local health centres (CLSC) 
  • Some hospitals 
  • Some community centres such as women’s health centres
  • Private abortion clinics, primarily in the Montreal area

Quebec has the most abortion providers in the country — 49 in total. This means that most people in Quebec live near an abortion provider; however, people living in some remote areas may still need to travel significant distances. If you need help navigating travel for your abortion, call the Action Canada Access Line at 1-888-642-2725

Abortion is an essential service, and abortion clinics continue to operate during COVID-19. Whether you are getting an in-clinic abortion or using the abortion pill, you will likely need one or more visits to a clinic. When you call to make an appointment, they will inform you of their COVID-19 protocols.

If you are using the abortion pill, you might be able to get the medication from the clinic you visit or you might take the prescription to a pharmacy. If your pharmacy doesn’t have the abortion pill in stock, you can ask them to order it in. This usually takes about two days. 

Abortions are free for Quebec residents

Both the abortion pill and in-clinic abortions are covered by Quebec’s provincial health insurance, RAMQ. If you have a Quebec health card or are seeking asylum in Quebec, there are no fees for either abortion option. This includes filling your prescription if you are using the abortion pill. 

If you are seeking abortion care, but your health insurance has expired, you are an international student, or visiting Quebec, you may be required to pay. Fees vary and are determined by the individual clinic. Financial support is sometimes available. 

Otherwise, abortion care in Quebec will not cost you anything. Clinics are actually not allowed to charge fees for either abortion option if you have a valid Quebec health insurance card. 

Questions you can ask your healthcare provider

Now that you know more about abortion options (in-clinic abortion or the abortion pill), learn how to advocate for the choice that’s best for you. 

Most abortion clinics in Quebec offer both abortion options, but some might have more experience or comfort with one over the other and that can affect how they discuss those options with you. Ultimately, if you are eligible for either option, the choice is yours. 

To find out what options might be available to you depending on the date of your pregnancy, go here. 

Here are some questions people often ask their healthcare provider or pharmacist to explore their abortion options: 

  • How many appointments should I expect for an in-clinic abortion or the abortion pill? 
  • How long should I expect the abortion and recovery to take? 
  • Will I need downtime for either option?
  • Is there any follow-up care involved?
  • What are my options for pain management?
  • How many pills are included in the abortion pill process?
  • What should I bring to the appointment(s) with me? 
  • How soon can I complete the abortion process? 

Advocating for yourself

If your provider says...
I don’t provide abortions or that type of abortion.
You can ask...
Can you refer me to someone who does?
If your provider says...
We prefer surgical (in-clinic) abortions.
You can say...
I want to know my options and decide what abortion experience is right for me.
If your provider says...
Multiple appointments are required.
You can ask...
Is it possible to do any of them over the phone?
If the pharmacist says…
We don’t have the abortion pill in stock.
You can ask...
Pharmacies can order it in. How long will that take?
If the pharmacist says…
I don’t want to / am not comfortable filling that prescription.
(It’s really unfortunate —
but if it does happen)
Contact the provider who gave you the prescription and ask them to recommend a pharmacy. You can also ask this upfront when you first get the prescription
If the pharmacist says…
Do you have private drug benefits?
You can say...
I don’t need them — the abortion pill is covered by provincial health insurance.

Other helpful tips:

  • Bring a notepad and pen or use your phone to jot things down
  • Make a list beforehand of questions you need answered
  • Ask if you can bring a support person — usually this is allowed, but it depends on COVID-19 protocols
  • Remember: This is your abortion — and it should be on your terms

If you have concerns about the care you received, there is information on the Government of Quebec website about how to file a complaint.

Local & National Resources

Need more information? These resources are available to help you get what you need.

Pro-choice options counselling & support

Access Line (bilingual)

This is a place to call or text if you want to learn more about your options, talk through your decision with someone, or get a referral to a clinic. You can talk to someone in English or French.

National Abortion Federation Hotline

This is a place to call if you need help managing the logistics of your abortion care or if you’re looking for financial assistance to help cover costs, like travel-related expenses. They also provide referrals.

Referrals to abortion providers

Choice Connect (bilingual)

This is a bilingual website to find your nearest abortion provider, and one who best fits your needs. You’ll get their contact information to call and make an appointment.

Government of Quebec look-up tool
Website: Website

This government website allows you to search all the abortion providers in the province.

Both the Access Line and National Abortion Federation Hotline also offer abortion referrals.

More information about abortion in Quebec

Quebec abortion overview (bilingual)
Website: Website

This is a Government of Quebec site that gives a broad overview of abortion services in Quebec.

Quebec abortion providers (bilingual)
Website: Website

This is a full list of providers from the Government of Quebec.

Quebec health care complaint process (bilingual)
Website: Website

This is information about how to file a complaint if you have concerns about the care you received.

Fédération du Québec pour le planning des naissances (French only).
Website: fqpn.qc.ca/

This is a website with pro-choice information and resources on abortion and sexual health.

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It might be helpful to speak to someone who can answer your questions directly. Action Canada for Sexual Health and Rights runs a toll-free access line you can reach by phone at 1-888-642-2725 24 hours a day, 7 days a week or by text at 1-289-212-0868 Monday-Friday 9am-5pm EST.

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